19.0.0 released Nov 08, 2023
Purpose: Begins database transaction.
begin-transaction [ <options> ] [ @<database> ] [ on-error-continue | on-error-exit ] [ error [ define ] <error> ] [ error-text [ define ] <error text> ]
This statement begins a database transaction. <options> is any additional options to database's BEGIN/START you wish to supply and must immediately follow begin-transaction.
Once you start a transaction with begin-transaction, you must either commit it with commit-transaction or rollback with rollback-transaction. If you do neither, your transaction will be rolled back once the request has completed and your program will stop with an error message. This is because opening a transaction and leaving without committing or a rollback is a bug in your program.
You must use begin-transaction, commit-transaction and rollback-transaction instead of calling the BEGIN/COMMIT/END through run-query.
Optional <database> is specified in "@" clause and is the name of the database-config-file.
The error code is available in <error> variable in optional "error" clause - this code is always "0" if successful. The <error> code may or may not be a number but is always returned as a string value. <error> is allocated memory. In case of error, error text is available in optional "error-text" clause in <error text>, which is allocated memory.
"on-error-continue" clause specifies that request processing will continue in case of error, whereas "on-error-exit" clause specifies that it will exit. This setting overrides database-level on-error for this specific statement only. If you use "on-error-continue", be sure to check the error code.
<error> and <error text> can be created with optional "define".
Note that if database connection was lost, and could not be reestablished, the request will error out (see error-handling).
run-query @mydb="insert into employee (name, dateOfHire) values ('%s', now())" : "Terry" no-loop
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